Public bodies may deny or redact information contained in a public record when it is excluded from mandatory disclosure by the exclusions delineated in §§ 2.2-3705.1 – 2.2-3705.7. Information that may be excluded may be disclosed by the custodian in his or her discretion, except where disclosure is prohibited by law. Public bodies engaged in criminal law-enforcement activities have further limitations on disclosures (as described in §§ 2.2-3706, 2.2-3706.1).
Public bodies may not withhold a public record in its entirety on the grounds that some portion of the public record is excluded from disclosure. A public record may only be withheld from disclosure in its entirety only when the entire content of the public record is excluded from disclosure. Otherwise, only the portions containing information subject to an inclusion may be withheld or redacted, and all portions of the public record that are not excluded must be disclosed. (Va. Code Ann. § 2.2-3704.01).